-Prehistoric Creatures Documented by the Ancient Man
George R. R. Martin
A Song of Ice and Fire
Photograph by M.O. in Finncon, Helsinki Finland (2009)
A Song of Ice and Fire is an award-winning series of epic fantasy novels by American novelist and screenwriter George R. R. Martin. Martin began writing the series in 1991 and the first volume was published in 1996. Originally planned as a trilogy, the series now consists of four published volumes with three more projected. There are also two prequel novellas available, with several more planned, and a series of novellas consisting of excerpts of the main novels. One of these excerpt novellas has won a Hugo Award. The series has been translated into eighteen languages and the fourth volume reached the top of the New York Times bestseller lists upon its release. Overall, the series has sold more than 3.5 million copies in the USA.
The story of A Song of Ice and Fire takes place in a fictional world, primarily upon a continent called Westeros but also on a large landmass to the east, known as Essos. Most of the characters are human but as the series progresses other races are introduced, such as the cold and menacing Others from the far North and fire-breathing dragons from the East, both races thought to be extinct by the people of the story. There are three principal storylines in the series: the chronicling of a dynastic civil war for control of Westeros between several competing families; the rising threat of the Others who dwell beyond an immense wall of ice that forms Westeros' northern border; and the journey of Daenerys Targaryen, the exiled daughter of a king who was murdered in another civil war fifteen years previously (War of the Usurper) and now seeks to return to Westeros and claim her rightful throne. As the series progresses, all three storylines become intensely interwoven and dependent on each other.
The series is told in the third-person through the eyes of a number of POV characters. By the end of the fourth volume, there have been twenty-five such characters, although these include eight who appear only once.
The growing popularity of the series led to it being optioned by HBO, which the network has exercised for a possible television adaptation. There are popular board and role-playing games based on the books available, as well as a collection of artwork based on and inspired by the series. The French video game company, Cyanide, has announced that they have partnered with Martin to create a video game adaption of the books.
The series is the number 1 rated fantasy series at the Internet Book List.
A Song of
Ice and Fire follows three principal storylines, divided by geography and
The first storyline, set in the Seven Kingdoms themselves, chronicles a many-sided struggle for the Iron Throne that develops after King Robert's death. The throne is claimed by his son Joffrey, supported by his mother's powerful family, House Lannister. However, Lord Eddard Stark, King Robert's Hand, finds out Robert's children are illegitimate, and that the throne should therefore fall to Robert's unpopular eldest brother, Stannis. Robert's charismatic and popular youngest brother, Renly, also places a claim, openly disregarding the order of precedence, with the support of the powerful House Tyrell. While the claimants battle for the Iron Throne, Robb Stark, Lord Eddard Stark's heir, is proclaimed King in the North as the northmen and their allies in the Riverlands seek to return to self-rule. Likewise, Balon Greyjoy also (re-)claims the ancient throne of his own region, the Iron Islands, with an eye toward independence. This war is exacerbated by a foreign priestess of a fire god, who believes that the answer to her religion's prophecy is to be found in Westeros. The War of the Five Kings is the principal storyline in the second and third novels, while the fourth novel concerns the realm's recovery in the face of the coming winter.
The second storyline is set on the extreme northern border of Westeros. Here, 8,000 years prior, a huge wall of ice and gravel was constructed by both magic and labor to defend Westeros from the threat of The Others, a race of now-mythical creatures living in the uttermost north. This Wall, 300 miles (480 km) long and 700 feet (210 m) tall, is defended and maintained by the Sworn Brotherhood of the Night's Watch, whose duty is to guard the kingdom against the Others. By the time of the novels, it is badly under-strength and has almost forgotten its original purpose, instead being threatened by the human "wildlings" or "free folk" who live to the north. This storyline follows Jon Snow, bastard son of Eddard Stark, as he rises through the ranks of the Watch, learns the true nature of the threat from the north, and prepares to defend the realm even though the people of Westeros are too busy warring to send support. By the end of the third volume, this storyline is somewhat entangled with the civil war to the south.
The third storyline is set on the huge eastern continent of Essos and follows the journeys of Daenerys Targaryen, the last scion of House Targaryen and another claimant to the Iron Throne. Daenerys's adventures showcase her growing ability as she rises from a near-penniless wanderer to a powerful and canny ruler. Her rise is aided by the birth of three dragons, creatures thought long extinct, from fossilized eggs given to her as wedding gifts. Because her family standard is the dragon, these creatures are of symbolic value before they have grown big enough to be of tactical use. Though her story is separated from the others by many thousands of miles, her stated goal is to reclaim the Iron Throne.
Concept and creation
George R. R.
Martin had a long love of model knights and medieval history, but his early
novels and short stories mostly fit into the science fiction genre; however,
eventually several fantasy stories did appear, such as The Ice Dragon. In
the mid-1980s, Martin worked mainly in Hollywood, principally as a writer or
producer on The New Twilight Zone and Beauty and the Beast. After Beauty and the
Beast ended in 1989 Martin returned to writing prose and started work on a
science fiction novel called Avalon. In 1991, whilst struggling with this story,
Martin conceived of a scene where several youngsters find a dead direwolf with a
stag's antler in its throat. The direwolf has several pups, which are taken
by the youngsters to raise as their own. Martin's imagination was fired by this
idea and he developed it into an epic fantasy story, which he envisaged as a
trilogy consisting of the books A Game of Thrones, A Dance with Dragons and The
Winds of Winter. Martin had previously apparently not been inspired by the
genre, but reading Tad Williams' Memory, Sorrow, and Thorn series had convinced
him it could be approached in a more adult and mature way than previous
After a hiatus spent producing a television pilot for a series called Doorways, Martin resumed work on A Game of Thrones in 1994 and completed it the following year, although he was only partway through his initial plan for the first novel. As a result of this, Martin then expanded his plan for the series to four books, and then to six. Publication of A Game of Thrones followed in early 1996. Pre-release publicity included publication of a 'sample novella' called Blood of the Dragon, which went on to win the 1997 Hugo Award for Best Novella. In order to fit A Game of Thrones into one volume, Martin had pulled out the last quarter or so of the book and made it the opening section of the second book, which he then named A Clash of Kings.
A collectible card game (CCG) has been produced by Fantasy Flight Games. A
number of base sets have been released for the game, each with a number of
expansions. The game's primary designer is Eric Lang and the lead developer is
Nate French. The A Game of Thrones: Westeros Edition won the Origins Award for
Best Trading Card Game of 2002. The Game of Thrones: Ice and Fire Edition won
the Origins Award for Best Card Game Expansion or Supplement of 2003. It is an
ongoing project consisting of five editions and eight expansions to date.
In 2003, Fantasy Flight Games released the A Game of Thrones strategy board game created by Christian T. Petersen. The Origins Award-winning game allows the players to take on the roles of several of the Great Houses vying for control of the Seven Kingdoms, including House Stark, House Lannister, House Baratheon, House Greyjoy, House Tyrell, and as of the expansion A Clash of Kings, House Martell. Players maneuver armies to secure support in the various regions that comprise the Seven Kingdoms, with the goal of capturing enough support to claim the Iron Throne. Two expansions for the game, A Clash of Kings and A Storm of Swords have been released.
The A Game of Thrones Roleplaying Game (2005), created by the defunct Guardians of Order company and published by White Wolf, is a roleplaying game using the d20 and the Tri-Stat dX rules systems. The game consists of a single large, full-colour rulebook featuring information on role-playing in the Seven Kingdoms and also background information to the series not found in the novels, including a detailed map of the Seven Kingdoms. The game was very well-received and was nominated for several awards (and won 3 silver ENnie awards for Best Production, Best Game, and Best d20/OGL Product), but this was not enough to save its parent company from closure in July 2006.
On 28 July 2006 George R. R. Martin confirmed that he had received word from the head of Guardians of Order that the company was folding and that no further releases for the setting would take place. Martin expressed hope that the game might be salvaged by another company, and on 24 April 2007, Green Ronin Publishing announced they would be producing a new role-playing game titled A Song of Ice and Fire.
Green Ronin has or will publish the following titles:
"A Song of Ice and Fire Roleplaying Quick-Start Rules" (free PDF) (June 21, 2008)
"A Song of Ice and Fire Roleplaying: Adventures in the Seven Kingdoms" (rulebook) (ISBN-13: 978-1-934547-12-0, 10 March 2009)
"A Song of Ice and Fire Narrator's Kit" (ISBN-13: 978-1-934547-28-1, 21 May 2009)
"Peril at King's Landing" (adventure) (ISBN-13: 978-1-934547-16-8, 13 August 2009)
"A Song of Ice and Fire Campaign Guide" (ISBN-13: 978-1-934547-13-7, no release date announced)
"A Song of Ice and Fire Roleplaying: Pocket Edition" (ISBN-13: 978-1-934547-34-2, no release date announced)
Blood of Dragons is an online, text-based roleplaying MUSH and the only online game specifically authorized by the author as of February 2009[update]. Blood of Dragons fully opened in 2007 and is set approximately 140 years prior to the initial series, during the reign of Daeron I and his conquest of Dorne. The game is maintained by the administrators of Westeros.org, who are collaborating with Martin on The World of Ice and Fire.
On May 13, 2009 Cyanide Studio announced they will be developing a series of video games based on A Song of Ice and Fire for the PC and consoles.. Martin has since revealed that both an RTS and an RPG game are currently in development.
The Art of Ice and Fire, published in 2005 by Fantasy Flight Games, contains numerous works of art inspired by the series from a variety of different artists and illustrators. Some of the art previously appeared in the card game or on-line, but most of it was new.
Testor Corporation announced that in late 2006 it would begin releasing model figures based on the series, to be followed by a tactical wargame. Only one product shipped, a Ruby Ford diorama. In April 2007, Martin announced that the licensing agreement with Testor had expired, and Testor's A Song of Ice and Fire product lines had been canceled. In December 2006, Haute Productions signed a deal to release a range of resin mini-busts featuring characters from A Song of Ice and Fire, under the name Valyrian Resin. The company plans to expand the line to include resin statues and pewter chess sets. On August 13, 2007, Dark Sword Miniatures announced a line of premium pewter miniatures based on the world of George R. R. Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire, and sculpted by renowned miniatures artist Tom Meier.
On 20 March 2007, George R. R. Martin announced on his blog that he had "signed a deal with Jalic, Inc of East Lansing, Michigan, granting them a license to manufacture and sell full-sized high-quality replicas of the arms and armor from A Song of Ice and Fire", under the name Valyrian Steel, starting with the bastard sword Longclaw wielded by Jon Snow. As of early 2009, Jalic has had Arya Stark's Needle from “A Song of Ice and Fire” on pre-sale. Both Needle and Longclaw are currently listed and available in a Limited Edition of 2500 each.
Dying of the Light, Simon & Schuster, 1977
Windhaven (with Lisa Tuttle), Timescape, 1981
Fevre Dream, Poseidon Press, 1982
The Armageddon Rag, Poseidon Press, 1983; Nemo Press, 1983
Dead Man's Hand (with John J. Miller), Bantam Books, 1990
A Song of Ice and Fire:
o A Game of Thrones, Bantam Books, 1996
o A Clash of Kings, Bantam Books, 1999
o A Storm of Swords, Bantam Books, 2000
o A Feast for Crows, Bantam Books, 2005
o A Dance with Dragons, forthcoming/Bantam Books
o The Winds of Winter, forthcoming/Bantam Books
o A Dream of Spring, forthcoming/Bantam Books
Shadow Twin (with Gardner Dozois and Daniel Abraham), Subterranean Press, 2005
Hunter's Run (with Gardner Dozois & Daniel Abraham), Eos, 2008
Short Story Collections
A Song for Lya and Other Stories, Avon, 1976
Songs of Stars and Shadows, Pocket Books, 1977
Sandkings, Timescape, 1981
Songs the Dead Men Sing, Dark Harvest, 1983
Nightflyers, Bluejay Books, 1985
Tuf Voyaging, Baen Books, 1986
Portraits of His Children, Dark Harvest, 1987
Quartet, NESFA Press, 2001
GRRM: a rretrospective, Subterranean Press, 2003
also published as Dreamsongs, Bantam Books, 2007, two volumes
Starlady / Fast- Friend, Subterranean Press, 2008
The Ice Dragon (illustrated by Yvonne Gilbert), Starscape, 2006
New Voices In Science Fiction:
o New Voices In Science Fiction, Macmillan, l977
o New Voices II, HBJ/Jove, 1979
o New Voices III, Berkley, 1980
o New Voices 4, Berkley, 1981
o The John W. Campbell Awards, Vol.5, Bluejay Books, 1984
The Science Fiction Weight-Loss Book, Crown, 1983 (co-edited w/Isaac Asimov & Martin Harry Greenberg)
Night Visions 3, Dark Harvest, 1986
o Wild Cards, Bantam Books, 1987
o Wild Cards II: Aces High, Bantam Books, 1987
o Wild Cards III: Jokers Wild, Bantam Books, 1987
o Wild Cards IV: Aces Abroad, Bantam Books, 1988
o Wild Cards V: Down & Dirty, Bantam Books, 1988
o Wild Cards VI: Ace in the Hole, Bantam Books, 1990
o Wild Cards VII: Dead Man's Hand, Bantam Books, 1990
o Wild Cards VIII: One-Eyed Jacks, Bantam Books, 1991
o Wild Cards IX: Jokertown Shuffle, Bantam Books, 1991
o Wild Cards X: Double Solitaire, a novel by Melinda M. Snodgrass, Bantam Books, 1992
o Wild Cards XI: Dealer's Choice, Bantam Books, 1992
o Wild Cards XII: Turn of the Cards, a novel by Victor Milan, Bantam Books, 1993
o Card Sharks (Wild Cards 13), Baen Books, 1993
o Marked Cards (Wild Cards 14), Baen Books, 1994
o Black Trump (Wild Cards 15), Baen Books, 1995
o Wild Cards XVI: Deuces Down, ibooks, 2002
o Wild Cards XVII: Death Draws Five, a novel by John J. Miller, ibooks, 2006
o Inside Straight (Wild Cards 18), Tor Books, 2008
o Busted Flush (Wild Cards 19), Tor Books, 2008
o Suicide Kings (Wild Cards 20), Tor Books, 2009
o Fort Freak (Wild Cards 21), Tor Books, forthcoming
Songs of the Dying Earth: Stories in Honor of Jack Vance, (co-edited with Gardner Dozois), Subterranean Press, 2009
Warriors, (co-edited with Gardner Dozois), Tor Books, 2010
Songs of Love and Death: Tales of Star-Crossed Love, (co-edited with Gardner Dozois), Pocket Books, forthcoming
Down These Strange Streets, (co-edited with Gardner Dozois), Penguin Books, forthcoming
Twilight Zone episodes
"The Last Defender of Camelot" (1986) based on the short story by Roger Zelazny, nominated for WGA Award, best teleplay/ anthology, 1986
"The Once and Future King" (1986) based on a story by Bryce Maritano
"Lost and Found" (1986) based on the short story by Phyllis Eisenstein.
"The Toys of Caliban" (1986) based on the story by Terry Matz
"The Road Less Travelled" (1986) original teleplay
Beauty and the Beast episodes
"Terrible Savior" (1987)
"Shades of Grey" (1988) with David Peckinpah.
"Promises of Someday" (1988)
"Dead of Winter" (1988)
"When the Blue Bird Sings" (1989) with Robert John Guttke
"A Kingdom by the Sea" (1989)
"Ceremony of Innocence" (1989)
"Beggar's Comet" (1990)
"Doorways"—Pilot for an ABC network series, Columbia Pictures, written 1991, filmed 1992, released on video 1993
"Xmas"—Original teleplay, Max Headroom, 1987, in preproduction when the series was cancelled
"Black Cluster"—Pilot for an ABC television series, Columbia Pictures, 1990, not produced
"The Survivors"—Two-hour pilot for a CBS television series, Trilogy Entertainment, 1992, not produced
"Deep in the Heart"—Backup script for Doorways series, 1992
"Starport"—Two-hour pilot for a Fox network television series, Columbia Pictures Television, 1994, not produced
Fadeout—Feature screenplay, Wildstreet Pictures, 1990
Wild Cards—Feature screenplay, written in collaboration with Melinda M. Snodgrass, based on the Wild Cards anthologies and mosaic novels, Hollywood Pictures/ Disney Studio, 1993-1995
A Princess of Mars—Feature screenplay, written in collaboration with Melinda M. Snodgrass, based on the novel by Edgar Rice Burroughs, Hollywood Pictures/ Disney Studio, 1993-94
Stories Adapted for Film and Television
"Remembering Melody"—Episode of The Hitchhiker, Home Box Office, November 1984
Nightflyers—Feature film, Vista Films 1987, screenplay by Robert Jaffe, directed by Robert Collector
"Sandkings"—Two-hour TV movie for The Outer Limits, Showtime, 1995, teleplay by Melinda M. Snodgrass
Tämä Julgubben näköinen paksu herrasmies jota vaimo haastatteli ja valokuvasi Finncon-tapahtumassa viime vuonna on päivän arvostetuin fantasiakirjailija.
George R.R. Martin & "Tulen ja jään laulu" -heptadi.
Omituisinta on se, että sarjaa aletaan kuvata jo kauan ennen kuin kirjasarja on edes valmistunut.
On vasta vähän reilussa puolivälissä. Äijä kulkee kirjamessuilla lippis päässä, jossa lukee: "Don't ask. It's not done yet".
Väsyttää muinaisaikojen fiktiot... Mieluummin sitä tutkii selvittääkseen muinaisuudesta sen minkä voi tietää varmaksi.
Loppuvuodestahan löydettiin/julkaistiin vanhin hepreankielinen kirjallinen teksti.
Siitä kävi ilmi, että lukutaito oli 3000+ vuotta sitten yleistä israelilaisilla ja että perusjargon käsitteli jo arkisiakin asioita.
Suomenkielisissä teksteissä vanhin löytö lienevät vepsäläisten jorinat.
Novgorodista on löydetty vars. soomi-moodissa tuohiteksti, jossa seisoi 1200-luvulla eli 2200 vuotta heprealaisen jälkeen:
"Jumalannuoli, kymmenen on nimiäsi, nuoli, sehän oli Jumalan oma, Tuomionjumala johtaa."
Jännää on se, että nämä fantastikot J.R.R. Tolkienin vanavedessä ovat kaikki suomenkielisestä kalevalaisesta perinteestä kiehtoutuneita.
Tämäkin kirjoitellut fiktiota aina Suomenlinnan menetykseen saakka.
Tolkien kehitti kokonaisen synteettisen feikkikielen suomen pohjalta, haltia-kieleksi sitä kutsui.
Hankin aikanaan Tolkienin pojan Michaelin kuolinpesän kirjastosta Cambridgen kirjamessuilta C.S. Lewisin
Tolkien seniorille dedikoidun kirjan Screwtape letters, jossa oli komeat Michaelin ornamentit nimmareina sisäkannessa.
Alibris.comista löytää tyyliin sadalla tonnilla sivukaupalla J.R.R. Tolkienin heraldiikkaluonnoksia.
Yksi kiehtovimmista muinaiskalevalaisen perinteen markkinoijia maailmalle on J-T Pälikkö, seppä viidennessä polvessa.
Olin joskus myymässä isänsä Kimmo Pälikön taidekirjoja Hgin kirjamessuilla, Kimmo piirsi ja maalasi ostajien kuvat muutamassa minuutissa kauppoja tehdessä.
Mutta poikansa on myös arkeologi ja tekee replikaatteja suomalaisista ja skandinaavisista miekoista kalpoineen.
Novgorodin perustajien on sanottu olleen 3/5 suomalaisia, suomalaiset olivat
Venäjän alkuperäiskansa, slaavit tulivat etelästä.
Pelasta elämä - lahjoita verta!
Safe a Life - Donate Blood!